People often ask me: where can they buy cheese making equipment from. I had to create our little dairy from scratch back in 2008 after an interlude of almost 10 years of not being cheese makers – before my time, so I had to discover too.
It was a tremendous learning curve – what equipment, where and how does it go together, where and how to put the pipework in and most importantly, where do we get it from. The sad thing is, my uncle, who started Ribblesdale Cheese back in 1978 died in 2007, so was not around to ask.
Equipment comes in all different sizes and shapes, I think what is right for you depends on your scale and access to things like three phase electricity, steam, water and compressed air. It is possible to make cheese on a fairly small scale with relatively low capital outlay and minimum resource. For example, we run cheese making classes using 15 litre bain maries – low cost, very simple, but nonetheless effective.
When we created our little dairy back in 2008, here in Hawes, we had:
3 x IBC – large 1,000 litre containers, one for pasteurised milk and 2 for whey, which piggie people picked up
1 x large second hand vat – total capacity 1,700 litres that has a 12KW electric element that heats up a water jacket
1 x second hand wash tank – a cut down farmers stainless steel tank with an element put into it
1 x small set of stainless steel shelves made into a press with the addition of three rams, one for each shelf and a drip tray
200 x plastic moulds which are in reality food grade soup buckets that hold 3 litres and cost 99p each. We still use them.
2 x stainless steel curd cutters
This doesn’t sound like much, but really, all you need is a vat or some vessel to make your cheese in, you can use knives to cut and mill, some moulds, a press, something to wash utensils in and generate hot water to wash down and a container for your milk and whey. We did not have a pasteuriser as our goat milk supplier pasteurised it for us.
Later additions in 2009
Curd table – so useful for potting up in, for knocking out in, using as a resting place for utensils, making blended cheeses in etc
1 x small vat, maximum capacity 700 litres – it came with a stirrer which I do not use as I think it is too rough; I prefer to stir by hand
A peg mill – we used to mill the curd by hand, which, believe me, takes a long time and is hard work. A peg mill is invaluable and can be hard to come by – they are not cheap
1 x second hand very large horizontal press
A lid for the wash tank to keep hot
A 4,500 litre stainless steel whey tank and a refrigerated 4,500 litre bulk milk tank for raw milk that sit outside on top of our blue maturing room
A borrowed tiny pasteuriser
Our next stage is to buy our own larger capacity pasteuriser, but we might be limited by our electricity supply, and if we could afford it, a small steam plant to speed up heating up the vats. Unfortunately for us, the disbanding of Business Link and Yorkshire Forward means that there are no grants available, so it could mean my kitchen and bathroom fund!
Of course, you can make unpasteurised cheese, but if you are planning to sell your cheese, you should really get it tested by a UKAS accredited lab (e.g. for Salmonella, E. Coli, Staph A and Listeria) before you sell it. If your unpasteurised cheese is for your own consumption, fair enough, but be careful as it is possible for your cheese to contain harmful bacteria.
Pasteurisation was developed by Louis Pasteur in 1864, originally as a means to prevent beer and wine from souring. It is based on the principle that most harmful bacteria can be destroyed by heat.
Our little pasteuriser
There are two types of pasteuriser: continuous flow or batch pasteuriser. We have a continuous flow. It has a run rate of around 17 litres per minute, a little over 1,000 litres per hour. It would be nice if it was a little faster….one day….Alternatively, you can batch pasteurise in your vat or in a smaller vessel, say a pan on a stove, as long as you have a good thermometer. This involves holding the milk to around 63 degrees C for about 30 minutes. This method is not particularly suitable for pasteurising hundreds of litres unless you can heat it with steam.
There are two types: closed vats that generally have automatic stirrers and cutters and are usually fairly large. Then there are open vats, like ours, some of which have overhead stirrers (not like ours!) which when rotated in the opposite direction will stir one way and cut the other. There are also
A mechanical stirrer though we do not use it
mechanical stirrers that sit on top of the vat with a paddle that you can run up and down the vat to stir. We don’t use any mechanical means to stir – we stir by hand using large blue plastic shovels.
Vats also come in different forms of heating. Large vats are often heated by steam, some vats (like ours) our heated by electric elements in a water jacket and some vats, usually smaller ones can be heated by adding hot water to the jacket.
Our ‘new’ horizontal press
There are two types – a horizontal press or a vertical press. we have a horizontal press that is powered by a compressor and uses a ram at each end of the row to gently squeeze the cheese which is stacked in moulds on their side i.e. horizontally. The vertical presses, yes, you guessed it have the moulds stacked on top of each other and pressure is applied from the top, pressing downwards.
Cheese Making Equipment Suppliers
Brytec: I am somewhat biased as I sourced the majority of our dairy equipment – all second hand – from Greg and Brian at Brytec who are based near Longridge, near Preston. They have oodles of experience, are nice guys and extremely talented. They can source second hand equipment and also do your pipework and weld stainless steel absolutely perfectly. They understand if you are on a budget and can source small items to the humongous. Tel: 01772 786500 or fax: 01772 786502
Colsan: I have heard good things about these guys though do not know them myself. They have helped people who have taken our commercial cheese making course with things like vats, curd tables, pasteurisers etc. Tel: 01233 860760.
Second Hand Catering Equipment sell tables and all manner of catering equipment as recommended by John, commercial cheese making alumni.
Jaap de Jonge runs a business called Jongia based in Solihull. Jaap sells everything from starter culture, moulds and rennet to cheese vats and presses. He also organises small trips to Continental European cheese makers which I hear are very interesting.
For small scale cheese making
Commercial Larger Scale Cheese Making
The big guys: Moody have used equipment for sale, and often hold auctions. Equipment ranges from pasteurisers to complete processing plants. Lockerbie based Process Plant and Machinery also sell an incredibly wide range of cheese making equipment, admittedly, mostly rather large scale, but it is always worth asking. Another one of the big guys is Machinery World who sell all manner of cheese making equipment from pasteurisers to cheese wedge cutting machines. Boyd sell pasteurisers, ice cream and cheese making equipment too.
If anyone knows of other recommended cheese equipment suppliers, please let me know and I will add to the list.